What is Migraine
It is a common form of headache where there is episodic,paroxysmal headache usually but not necessarily affecting one side of the head.It may or may not be associated with giddiness,nausea,vomiting or visual impairment.
Pain is usually intense and lasting for half an hour to over a couple of days.
- Causes of Migraine
- Triggering Factor of Migraine
- Symptoms of Migraine
- Diagnosis of Migraine
- Treatment of Migraine
It is a vascular headache that is caused due to vasodilatation and abnormalities in the levels of certain chemicals in the brain.
It also tend to be hereditary in nature.
Certain foods and Beverages such as alcoholic drinks,chocolates,red wine.
Skipping meals,lack of sleep,changes in sleeping pattern
Change in weather
It often begins in childhood,adolescence or early adulthood.
4 stages are there
1.Prodrome -One or two days before migraine there may be;
2.Aura-It occurs before and during headache.These include;
Speech or language problem
3.Attack -When untreated it usually lasts from four to 72 hours.Following symptoms
Pain on both side or one side of head
Pain-pulsating or throbbing type
Sensitivity to lights and sounds
Nausea and vomiting
4.Postdrome -Occurs after a migraine attack.Patient may feel drained and washed out.
Diagnosis is based on history given by the patient.Certain investigations are:
CT scan- This helps doctor to diagnose tumors,infections,brain damage etc.
MRI- To produce detailed images of brain and blood vessels.
Spinal tap (lumbar puncture)- In this ,a thin needle is inserted between two vertebrae in the lower back to extract a sample of cerebrospinal fluid for laboratory analysis.
Magnetic resonance angiography
Homoeopathy believes that migraine is a personality disorder and hence the treatment should be determined according to personality of patient.
With continued treatment patient notices the reduction in the frequency of attacks and intensity of pains.